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Share full text access. They have also created a network of autonomous community radio stations to educate people about dangers to the environment and inform the surrounding communities about new industrial projects that would destroy more land. The environmental movement a term that sometimes includes the conservation and green movements is a diverse scientific, social , and political movement. Though the movement is represented by a range of organisations, because of the inclusion of environmentalism in the classroom curriculum,   the environmental movement has a younger demographic than is common in other social movements see green seniors.
Environmentalism as a movement covers broad areas of institutional oppression, including for example: consumption of ecosystems and natural resources into waste, dumping waste into disadvantaged communities, air pollution, water pollution, weak infrastructure, exposure of organic life to toxins, mono-culture, anti-polythene drive jhola movement and various other focuses. Because of these divisions, the environmental movement can be categorized into these primary focuses: environmental science , environmental activism, environmental advocacy, and environmental justice. Free market environmentalism is a theory that argues that the free market , property rights , and tort law provide the best tools to preserve the health and sustainability of the environment.
It considers environmental stewardship to be natural, as well as the expulsion of polluters and other aggressors through individual and class action. Evangelical environmentalism is an environmental movement in the United States of America in which some Evangelicals have emphasized biblical mandates concerning humanity's role as steward and subsequent responsibility for the care taking of Creation. While the movement has focused on different environmental issues, it is best known for its focus of addressing climate action from a biblically grounded theological perspective.
This movement is controversial among some non-Christian environmentalists due to its rooting in a specific religion. Environmental preservation in the United States and other parts of the world, including Australia, is viewed as the setting aside of natural resources to prevent damage caused by contact with humans or by certain human activities, such as logging, mining, hunting, and fishing, often to replace them with new human activities such as tourism and recreation.
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Environmental organisations can be global, regional, national or local; they can be government-run or private NGO. Environmentalist activity exists in almost every country. Moreover, groups dedicated to community development and social justice also focus on environmental concerns. Some US environmental organisations, among them the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Environmental Defense Fund , specialise in bringing lawsuits a tactic seen as particularly useful in that country. Statewide nonprofit organisations such as the Wyoming Outdoor Council often collaborate with these national organisations and employ similar strategies.
Smaller groups, including Wildlife Conservation International , conduct research on endangered species and ecosystems. More radical organisations, such as Greenpeace , Earth First! While Greenpeace is devoted to nonviolent confrontation as a means of bearing witness to environmental wrongs and bringing issues into the public realm for debate, the underground Earth Liberation Front engages in the clandestine destruction of property, the release of caged or penned animals, and other criminal acts.
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Such tactics are regarded as unusual within the movement, however. On an international level, concern for the environment was the subject of a United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in , attended by nations. Notable advocates for environmental protection and sustainability include:. Every year, more than environmental activists are murdered throughout the world.
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Many environmentalists believe that human interference with 'nature' should be restricted or minimised as a matter of urgency for the sake of life, or the planet, or just for the benefit of the human species ,  whereas environmental skeptics and anti-environmentalists do not believe that there is such a need. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Core topics. Green politics Green party List of topics. Four pillars. Ecological wisdom Social justice Grassroots democracy Nonviolence.
Related topics. Anti-environmentalism Climate change politics Conservation movement Eco-terrorism Ecocentrism Ecological economics Environmentalism Environmental issues Environmental justice Ecological modernization Environmental movement Localism. See also: Conservation movement and Timeline of history of environmentalism. Main article: Environmental movement. Main article: Free-market environmentalism.
Main article: Evangelical environmentalism. Main articles: Conservation movement and Conservation in the United States.
Main article: List of environmental organizations. Main article: List of environmental protests. Main article: Environmentalist. See also: List of environmental activists assassinated. Conservation ethic Conservation movement Counterculture of the s Bioconservatism Car-free movement Deep ecology Earth Day Ecology movement Eco-terrorism Environmental art Environmental law Environmental movement Environmental organizations Environmental protection Environmental racism Environmental racism in Europe Environmental sociology Environmentalism in music Filmography of environmentalism Free-market environmentalism Green economy Greening Green politics Green washing Green tax shift Greenway landscape Hairshirt environmentalism Human impact on the environment Linear park Miss Earth National Cleanup Day Natural resource management Permaculture Population growth Radical environmentalism Religion and environmentalism Slow movement Sustainability World Cleanup Day List of vegan media.
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Retrieved 14 February Platt, Shock cities: the environmental transformation and reform of Manchester and Chicago excerpt. Anarchism: From Theory to Practice. New York: Monthly Review Press. Retrieved 17 December Baeyens; M. Martinez Coastal Dunes: Ecology and Conservation. BBC News. Chiri-Kagaku [Geographical Sciences] in Japanese.
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Environmentalism: The View From Anthropology (ASA Monographs)
The global origins of Green politics. Global Greens. As well cooperation across disciplines can lead to more effective actions. The wide breadth of ethnographic research can help guide the range of what is possible and what solutions to problems can look like. Skip to content. Home Agriculture as economic development?
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