Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)


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Introduction

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 77 www. A detailed discussion of the Oci- Holm eds. This situation is highlighted enced, pages, 16 black and white figures, 27 tables, 4 when identifying separate chemotypes and again shows colour plates chapter 1 the importance of a clearly delimited Ocimum taxon- omy Chapter 1.

Reports of antibacterial, antifungal tural, and industrial processes food, flavour and phar- and insecticidal activity predominate in Chapter 5 and maceutical. The tables of In Chapter 1, Paton et al. They rightly supply a full reference list for each citation of activity. The taxonomic medicinal activities associated with Basil e. The final chapter rent understanding of the generic and infrageneric clas- in the volume reviews the widespread food and bever- sification of Ocimum.


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At the heart of this work is a age use of Ocimum. Great detail is included here and the biology and industrial usage.

Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Colombia

The highlight of the vol- chapter concludes with a brief discussion on the eco- ume is the taxonomic review of Ocimum in Chapter 1. The production systems, plant protection, and clearly illustrated. Basil —the Genus Ocimum will be harvesting of sweet basil Ocimum basilicum are cov- welcomed by the specialised Lamiaceae audience and ered in Chapter 2. Exceptional customer service Get specialist help and advice.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Industrial Profiles

Newsletter Google 4. Help pages. Prothero Michael J. Benton Richard Fortey View All. The oils of basil have been used principally in the food and cosmetic industries. Some of their volatile compounds have been suggested as allelopathic agents. Therefore, the taxonomy of the group is difficult.


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  7. Basil oils from different geographical origins have been classified. According to the biosynthetic origins of major compounds, he classified them as chemotypes with single or dual biosynthetic pathways.

    About the Series

    Other chemotypes such as eugenol-rich and thymol-rich in O. This study will contribute to the knowledge of a local product that could improve the use of Colombian basil.

    Results and Discussion. Sixty-eight components were detected, Among all the constituents, the hydrocarbon terpenes were found in great variability. Moreover, components such as limonene, g-cadinene and caryophyllene oxide occur in a high percentage in some varieties from 2.

    Chemical profile.

    Basil — The genus Ocimum medicinal and aromatic plants-industrial profiles

    Figures 1 , 2 and 3 show the comparative chemical compositions of basil oils grouped into three compound families: phenylpropanoids, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes according to the contents of the identified components Varieties rich in phenylpropanoid. This group of varieties is characterized by oxygenated terpene contents higher than those of the hydrocarbon terpenes. Varieties rich in monoterpene. The varieties that make up this group were identified as "profile 2".

    It could be said that the mevalonate pathway is the predominant biosynthetic route in this group.

    Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Industrial Profiles

    From the contribution of the terpenoid content as a whole both monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes and the high content of oxygenated terpenes Varieties rich in sesquiterpene. Among the varieties in this investigation, this is the only variety characterized by a higher content of hydrocarbon terpenes Ten of them exhibited the "methyl cinnamate" chemotype with methyl cinnamate as the most abundant component. Actually, methyl cinnamate has a biosynthetic origin from cinnamic acid whereas linalool and 1,8-cineol follow another biogenetic pathway from mevalonic acid.

    Hence, extraction of essential oil from them could be important for the chemical industry. Distinct types of basil on the international market include European and Egyptian oils two main types and a Bulgarian or Cinnamon basil oil, rich in methyl cinnamate as a source of methyl cinnamate. In , Simon 2 initiated a study to develop a methyl cinnamate rich basil, as this type was of the interest to the perfume industry. However, this oil presented qualitative and quantitative differences with respect to the components found for this profile.

    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)
    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)
    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)
    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)
    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)
    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)
    Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles) Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A Industrial Profiles)

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